DISB Issues Guidance on Ending Prohibition of Insurance Cancellations July 21, 2021
Written by MSDC Staff
This week, the Department of Insurance, Securities, and Banking (DISB) issued new guidance on how insurance companies should transition away from the public health emergency. Specifically, DISB outlined how insurance companies can begin asking for delayed payments.
In April 2020, DISB issued an order prohibiting insurers and premium finance companies from terminating "insurance contracts" or issuing late fees for non-payment during the public health emergency. The order also required a 12 month repayment grace period post-public health emergency for insureds to catch-up on unpaid payments.
With the local public health emergency possibly ending in the coming weeks, the Commissioner issued guidance on how this grace period will work. DISB sought comments and feedback from the public as well as industry groups on the most fair way to transition away from the public health emergency.Insurers and premium finance companies, which intend to collect deferred premiums or deferred premium finance loan payments, respectively (“deferred amounts”):
- Shall apply the policy provisions in the Order to the payment of all deferred amounts during the effective dates of the Order.
- Shall aggregate by policy or premium finance loan any deferred amounts of policyholders during the period covered by the Order, without interest or late payment penalties, and divide that amount by 12 to determine the monthly deferred amount to be repaid over time. (a) Aggregate deferred premium amounts may include the cost of premium payment plans previously entered into by the policyholder. (b) Aggregate deferred amounts shall reflect any partial payments accepted by the insurer or premium finance company. (c) Policyholders who so desire may pay more or all of their deferred amount at any given month without penalty.
- May include the deferred amounts with current scheduled premium or loan payments. (a) If included with scheduled premiums or loan payments, there is no requirement to break out the deferred amount from the scheduled payment.
- May require policyholders to begin making payments of deferred amounts 30 days after the end of the Public Health Emergency and monthly thereafter using the calculated monthly deferred premium amount. (a) Insurers and premium finance companies may delay the implementation of the repayment for more than 30 days, but in the event of delay shall provide no less than 12 months for repayment of the deferred amounts.
- Shall not include deferred amounts as part of an automatic premium payment process without policyholder notice at least 30-days prior to the first automatic payment.
- Shall not offset claim payments with deferred amounts unless agreed to by the policyholder, except where language in the policy allows for such an offset.
- May process a policy cancellation for non-payment of premium, consistent with policy provisions, Federal, and District laws and regulations, if the policyholder fails to pay the total amount due, which may include both the premium or loan amount due for the current scheduled policy premium or loan payment and the deferred amount.
- Shall base policy cancellation on the date of the missed payment and not retroactive to the period of premium deferral unless prior underwriting conditions or other risk factors were present or under consideration prior to or during the Order. (a) With respect to the default of an insurance premium finance agreement, if applicable and in compliance with District law, the premium finance company and the insurer may agree on a process, amount, and distribution of unearned premium during the period of deferment.
- May, for policies with premium payments less frequently than monthly, bill for the deferred amount less frequently than monthly, provided the installment payment does not exceed the total premium amount for each of the calculated maximum deferred monthly premium amounts within the installment period. For example, for quarterly payments, the first three-month deferred premium must not be billed until the third month after payment of deferred premiums resumes and cannot exceed the total of the three monthly payments.
- Shall treat any potential cancellation or nonrenewal applicable and covered by the Order as forward looking and not based on conditions prior to or during the Order.
- May pursue collection activities for deferred amounts against a policyholder when the policy is no longer active consistent with applicable District law.
- May create a policy and criteria for waiving the payment of the deferred amount as long as the policy is administered fairly, consistently and equitably.